Tiergarten NürnbergHome

in Nuremburg

Did you know...

... why elephants can't get sunburn?

What is the difference between horn and antlers?

Horns consist of a similar material as the hooves of hoofed animals - as well as our finger and toe nails by the way. Males and in most cases also the females of bovids have unbranched horns which cannot be dropped. The antlers are an extension of the animals forehead. It is dropped and renewed every year. In contrast to bovids, usually only male deer have antlers.

Why are there clusters of branches in so many enclosures?

The branches are there to occupy the animals and to feed them. On the one hand the branches give the male buck the possibility to cast their antlers and to playfully fight with the branches. On the other hand they like nibbling the branches, thus absorbing important enzymes and minerals, or hide underneath them.

Why do elephants blow sand onto their backs?

The dusting, which is very common among elephants, protects the sensitive, almost hairless skin of the animals against parasites and midges. It also protects them against sunburn.

Are animals from the steppe similar to those from the savanna?

Not completely. The animals of the treeless steppe which is cold in winter often hibernate, eat lots of food to create fat pads, have a thicker winter coat and are built more compactly, in order to reduce the body's surface and the resulting evapotranspiration and loss of warmth. The animals living in the savanna which has lots of trees and is always very hot during the day but rather dry in "winter" only have a very thin coat, are more active at night time and have organs that can store water. Many types of coat are "designed" to give the animals camouflage in the scrub.


What do the red bottoms of the baboons mean?

They are not sick - no! All baboons have a red bottom. The bottoms of the females, however, tend to be particularly bright. They thus signal their readiness to mate.

Are the enclosures of the Tiergarten not too small?

In the wild, the animals need a large district in order to have enough space to find food, partners and places for givin birth or in order to avoid their enemies. In the zoo, however, animals live like in a hotel: First class food, dating agency and no enemies make it unnecessary to wander long ways. Well-equipped enclosures appropriate for the needs of the species are enough for them to satisfy their urge to move.

The animals' coat is suitable for their environment to enable the animals to remain unseen as long as possible. The tiger's stripes offer him camouflage in the high grass. The leopards's spots, however, enable him to hunt amongst the trees and leaves. The polar bear is also well-equipped with camouflage with its white coat against the arctic snow. Arctic hare and ermine also have white coats in winter.

Why are some animals single and other not?

The males of some species keep a harem. The other males have to live alone or in bachelor groups. Other animals have special needs and demand of their food. Their district will be large enough to offer room for two. In this case males and females will only meet during the mating season.

Why do some species live together with other species in one enclosure?

It is possible to house different species in one enclosure if they do not compete for food and are no enemies. An example for co-housing is the "Afric Enclosure" of the Tiergarten with zebras, ostriches and eland antilopes. The visitors can thus learn more about the complexity of the animal kingdom - and the animals are occupied in a reasonable way.